6. Jan. - Miete von Leuten in Nikosia, Zypern ab 16€/Nacht. Finde einzigartige Unterkünfte bei lokalen Gastgebern in Ländern. Fühl dich mit Airbnb. Diese abwechslungsreiche Weinstraße umfasst sowohl die Bergregion von Larnaka (Larnaca) als auch die von Lefkosia (Nicosia) und verbindet die lange. Krankenhäuser in Nicosia, Zypern. Herzlich Willkommen im Verzeichnis internationaler medizinischer Dienstleister von Allianz Worldwide Care. Cyprus.
Nicosia, Cyprus - Polarsteps6. Jan. - Miete von Leuten in Nikosia, Zypern ab 16€/Nacht. Finde einzigartige Unterkünfte bei lokalen Gastgebern in Ländern. Fühl dich mit Airbnb. Das Penthouse Apartment in Nicosia Cyprus bietet Ihnen eine Unterkunft mit einem Balkon und einem Wasserkocher. Krankenhäuser in Nicosia, Zypern. Herzlich Willkommen im Verzeichnis internationaler medizinischer Dienstleister von Allianz Worldwide Care. Cyprus.
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About Nicosia. Nicosia, the capital of the island of Cyprus, has incorporated elements of the many empires and kingdoms that have claimed it over centuries stretching back to the Bronze Age.
Narrow winding streets lead visitors from the Cyprus Museum, with its collection of Neolithic and Roman artifacts, to the thick city wall.
Built in the s by the Venetians, the wall now divides the ancient part of the city from the modern. Step through the stone gates and enter a place where the past is still alive.
Start planning for Nicosia. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map.
Create a Trip. Essential Nicosia. Go play. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. See all. Cyprus Museum. Buyuk Han. Machairas Monastery.
Pivo microbrewery. Panagia Asinou Church. Leventis Gallery. Monument to The First President of Cyprus Archbishop Makarios III. Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia.
En baloncesto destacan equipos locales como Achilleas , APOEL BC y Omonia BC. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. La ciudad de Nicosia en la noche, la calle Ledra en la noche, el patio de las casas Nicosia, Paredes venecianas de Nicosia, Una puerta en el casco antiguo de Nicosia, el Buyuk Han, Un barrio tranquilo en el casco antiguo, Casas venecianas, Nicosia durante la Navidad, Avenida Makarios durante la noche.
Consultado el 17 de noviembre de Archivado desde el original el 3 de enero de Consultado el 6 de enero de Archivado desde el original el 11 de septiembre de Archivado desde el original el 21 de mayo de The name Ledra and variations such as Ledroi remained in use as late as AD, when it was used in writing by Saint Jerome.
However, that text also refers the city as "Leucotheon", and early Christian sources of this period are the first to use similar variations of the name Lefkosia e.
The name is recorded in the majority of Byzantine sources as "Leukousia", and it is accepted in literature that the name "most probably" derives from the Greek phrase "leuke ousia" "white estate".
Nicosia has been in continuous habitation since the beginning of the Bronze Age years BC, when the first inhabitants settled in the fertile plain of Mesaoria.
Only one king of Ledra is known: Onasagoras. The kingdom of Ledra was destroyed early. Under Assyrian rule of Cyprus, Onasagoras was recorded as paying tribute to Esarhaddon of Assyria in BC.
By BC, Ledra was recorded to be a small unimportant town. During this era, Ledra did not have the huge growth that the other Cypriot coastal towns had, which was primarily based on trade.
In the 4th century AD, the town became the seat of bishopric, with bishop Saint Tryphillius Trifillios , a student of Saint Spyridon. After the destruction of Salamis , the existing capital of Cyprus, by Arab raids in , along with extensive damage to other coastal settlements, the economy of the island became much more inward-looking and inland towns gained relative significance.
Nicosia benefited from this and functioned as an outlet of the agricultural products from its hinterland, the Mesaoria plain.
It further was at an advantageous position due to its ample water supply. As such, the town developed enough for the Byzantine Empire to choose Nicosia as the capital of the island around , when Cyprus rejoined the Byzantine Empire.
From that point on it has remained as the capital of Cyprus. Nicosia was the seat of the Byzantine governor of Cyprus; the last Byzantine governor was Isaac Komnenos , who declared himself emperor of the island and ruled the island from to The Byzantines did, however, build a relatively weak fort within the city.
On his way to the Holy Land during the Third Crusade in , Richard I of England 's fleet was plagued by storms. He himself stopped first at Crete and then at Rhodes.
Three ships continued on, one of which was carrying Joan of England, Queen of Sicily and Berengaria of Navarre , Richard's bride-to-be.
Two of the ships were wrecked off Cyprus, but the ship bearing Joan and Berengaria made it safely to Limassol. Joan refused to come ashore, fearing she would be captured and held hostage by Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus , who hated all Franks.
Her ship sat at anchor for a full week before Richard finally arrived on 8 May. Outraged at the treatment of his sister and his future bride, Richard invaded.
Richard laid siege to Nicosia, finally met and defeated Isaac Komnenos at Tremetousia and became ruler of the island, but sold it to the Knights Templar.
The Frankish rule of Cyprus started from and lasted until During this time, Nicosia was the capital of the medieval Kingdom of Cyprus , the seat of Lusignan kings, the Latin Church and the Frankish administration of the island.
During the Frankish rule, the walls of the city were built along with many other palaces and buildings, including the gothic St.
Sophia Cathedral. The tombs of the Lusignan kings can be found there. The exonym Nicosia appeared with the arrival of the Lusignans.
The French-speaking Crusaders either could not, or did not care to, pronounce the name Lefkosia , and tended to say "Nicosie" translated into Italian and then internationally known as "Nicosia".
In Nicosia was occupied and ravaged by the Republic of Genoa and in from the Mamluk Sultanate. In , when Cyprus came under the rule of the Republic of Venice , Nicosia became their administrative centre and the seat of the Republic.
The Venetian Governors saw it as a necessity for all the cities of Cyprus to be fortified due to the Ottoman threat.
The design of the bastion is more suitable for artillery and a better control for the defenders. The walls have three gates, to the North Kyrenia Gate , to the west Paphos Gate and to the east Famagusta Gate.
In it was later diverted outside onto the newly built moat for strategic reasons, due to the expected Ottoman attack. On 1 July , came under the rule of the Ottomans.
On 22 July, Piyale Pasha having captured Paphos, Limassol and Larnaca marched his army towards Nicosia and laid siege to the city.
The story of the Cypriot martyr Arnaude de Rocas dates from the fall of Nicosia. Some 20, residents died during the siege and every church, public building, and palace was looted.
The devastation of the city was so extensive that for the few years after the conquest, a number of villages in the island had a larger population than Nicosia.
Nicosia was the seat of the Pasha , the Greek Archbishop , the Dragoman and the Qadi. The Palazzo del Governo of Venetian times became the seat of the Pasha, the governor of Cyprus, and the building was renamed as the Konak or Seraglio Saray.
The square outside was known as Seraglio Square or Sarayonu literally front of the Saray , as it is known to the present day. The saray was demolished in and the present block of Government Offices built on the site.
When the newly settled Turkish population arrived they generally lived in the north of the old riverbed. Greek Cypriots remained concentrated in the south, where the Archbishopric of the Orthodox Church was built.
Other ethnic minority groups such as the Armenians and Latins came to be settled near the western entry into the city at Paphos Gate.
The names of the 12 quarters into which Nicosia was originally divided at the time of the Ottoman Conquest are said to be derived from the 12 generals in command of divisions of the Ottoman army at the time.
Each general being posted to a quarter, that quarter with two exceptions was known by his name as follows:. Later the number of neighbourhoods was increased to Each neighbourhood was organised around a mosque or a church, where mainly the respective Muslim and Christian communities lived.
Nicosia came under the rule of the United Kingdom on 5 July in consequence of the Cyprus Convention [ why? The Nicosia column was presumably erected in compliment to the reigning Doge Francesco Donati about the year Just after the British Occupation a Municipal Council was constituted in Nicosia in for the general administration of public affairs within the city and for a certain area without the walls, under the presidency of a Mayor.
In the municipal limits were extended further see map and this new area was divided among several of the existing intramural Neighbourhoods.
In an armed struggle against British rule began aiming to unite the island with Greece, Enosis. The struggle was led by EOKA, a Greek Cypriot nationalist military resistance organisation,   and supported by the vast majority of Greek Cypriots.
The unification with Greece failed and instead the independence of Cyprus was declared in During the period of the struggle, Nicosia was the scene of violent protests against British rule.
In Nicosia became the capital of the Republic of Cyprus, a state established by the Greek and Turkish Cypriots. In , the Greek Cypriot side proposed amendments to the constitution, which were rejected by the Turkish Cypriot community.
Nicosia was divided into Greek and Turkish Cypriot quarters with the Green Line , named after the colour of the pen used by the United Nations officer to draw the line on a map of the city.
The coup ousted president Makarios III and replaced him with pro- enosis nationalist Nikos Sampson. The fighting left the island with a massive refugee problem on both sides.
On 13 February the Turkish Cypriot community declared the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus in the area occupied by Turkish forces.
On 23 April , the Ledra Palace crossing was opened through the Green Line, the first time that crossing was allowed since Nicosia has a hot semi-arid climate Köppen climate classification BSh due to its low annual precipitation totals and annual temperature range.
Winter precipitation is occasionally accompanied by sleet but rarely by snow. The accumulation of snow is particularly rare last events occurred in , and There is occasionally light frost during the winter nights.
At the Lefkopa weather station in Nicosia, the temperature reached Ledra Street is in the middle of the walled city.
The street today is a historic monument on its own. During the EOKA struggle that ran from to , the street acquired the informal nickname The Murder Mile in reference to the frequent targeting of the British colonialists by nationalist fighters along its course.
Various streets which ran between the northern and southern part of the city, including Ledra Street, were blockaded.
During the Turkish army invasion of Cyprus in , Turkish troops occupied northern Nicosia as well as the northern part of Cyprus.
A buffer zone was established across the island along the ceasefire line to separate the northern Turkish controlled part of the island, and the south.
The buffer zone runs through Ledra Street. After many failed attempts on reaching agreement between the two communities, Ledra Street was reopened on 3 April To the east of Ledra Street, Faneromeni Square was the centre of Nicosia before It hosts a number of historical buildings and monuments including Faneromeni Church, Faneromeni School, Faneromeni Library and the Marble Mausoleum.
Faneromeni Church, is a church built in in the stead of another church located at the same site, constructed with the remains of La Cava castle and a convent.
There rest the archbishop and the other bishops who were executed by the Ottomans in the Saray Square during the revolt.
The Palace of the Archbishop can be found at Archbishop Kyprianos Square. Although it seems very old, it is a wonderful imitation of typical Venetian style, built in Next to the palace is the late Gothic Saint John cathedral with picturesque frescos.
The square leads to Onasagorou Street , another busy shopping street in the historical centre. The walls surrounding the old city have three gates. In The Kyrenia Gate which was responsible to the transport to the north, and especially Kyrenia , the Famagusta Gate which was responsible for the transport from Famagusta , Larnaca and Limassol and Karpasia , and the Paphos Gate for transport to the west and especially Paphos.
All three gates are well-preserved. The historical centre is clearly present inside the walls, but the modern city has grown beyond. Presently, the main square of the city is Eleftheria Freedom Square , with the city hall, the post office and the library.
The square, which is under renovation, connects the old city with the new city where one can find the main shopping streets such as the prestigious Stasikratous Street , Themistokli Dervi Avenue and Makarios Avenue.
Nicosia is also known for its fine museums. The Archbishop's Palace contains a Byzantine museum containing the largest collection of religious icons on the island.
Leventis Municipal Museum is the only historical museum of Nicosia and revives the old ways of life in the capital from ancient times up to our days.
Other interesting museums include the Folk Art Museum, National Struggle Museum witnessing the rebellion against the British administration in the s , Cyprus Ethnological Museum House of Dragoman Hadjigeorgakis Kornesios, 18th century and the Handicrafts Centre.
Nicosia also hosts an Armenian archbishopric , a small Buddhist temple, a Maronite archbishopric , and a Roman Catholic church. At the center of the walled city lies the Sarayönü Square.
The square has been dubbed as "the heart of Nicosia" and historically has been the cultural center of the Turkish Cypriot community. The avenue has been described as "the symbol of the walled city", and is filled with numerous shops and restaurants.
Next to the Ledra Street checkpoint is the Arasta area. The area was pedestrianized in and is home to a network of historic shopping streets, reflecting an eastern shopping tradition with food and traditional items.
Still a residential area, the neighborhood is considered to be one of the best representations of the Cypriot culture. The mosque is the chief religious center in Northern Cyprus.
It was built between and by the Latin Church of Cyprus, in a Gothic style resembling French cathedrals. It was used as a marketplace in the Ottoman era.
Today, it is used as a cultural center where various cultural activities such as concerts and festivals take place.
The quarters of Nicosia outside the walled city are more spacious than the walled city, with wider roads and junctions. These areas are characterized by multi-floor concrete buildings.
In the outskirts of the city, a number large and imposing villas have been built that belong to the middle and upper-classes.
Greater Nicosia is administered by several municipalities. In the centre is the city municipality of Nicosia itself see below.
The population of the conurbation is , census, plus Turkish Cypriot administered census of of which , live within the Nicosia municipal area.
Because Nicosia municipality has separate communal municipal administrations, the population of Strovolos 67, Census is actually the largest of all the local authorities in Greater Nicosia.
Within Nicosia municipality, most of the population resides in the more recently annexed outlying areas of Kaimakli , Pallouriotissa , Omorfita and Ayii Omoloyites.
There is no metropolitan authority as such for Greater Nicosia and various roles, responsibilities and functions for the wider area are undertaken by the Nicosia District administration, bodies such as the Nicosia Water Board and, to some extent, Nicosia municipality.
The Nicosia Water Board supplies water to the following municipalities: Nicosia, Strovolos, Aglandjia, Engomi, Ay.
Dometios, Latsia, Geri and Tseri. The board consists of three persons nominated by the Council of each municipality, plus three members appointed by the government, who are usually the District Officer of Nicosia District, who chairs the Board, the Accountant General and the Director of the Water Department.
The board also supply Anthoupolis and Ergates, for whom the government provide representatives. Thus the board is in the majority controlled by the municipalities of Greater Nicosia in providing this vital local government service.
The Nicosia Sewerage Board, is likewise majority controlled by the municipalities of Greater Nicosia.